About Sri Lanka


For its magnificent natural beauty, Sri Lanka has been well known since history has begun. The Egyptian Traveler Ptolemy, Marco Polo who started his journey from Venice and Fah-Sian the Buddhist Monk from China had their writings adorned with praises not only about its fauna and flora but also about well mannered culture of its people.

65,500 square kilo metres of Sri Lanka cover about 3,500 flowering plants, 113 mammals, 433 birds, 183 reptiles and 107 amphibians. More species are identified every year adding more glamour to the Pearl of the Indian Ocean.

Sri Lanka is located close to the southern tip of India, north of equator.

One can track back Sri Lanka's location a hundred million years to the early Cretaceous period when the ancient, giant Southern continent of Godwana began its breaking up.

Weathered by rain and wind for millions of years, nature has created Sri Lanka's present well-diversed topography. One always finds Sri Lanka as a paradise for exploring nature and culture.


Coastal plains of Sri Lanka hardly exceed 100m in elevation and towards the South Central parts of the island; it rises gently to about 600m. The central mountains consist of a complex of plateau, mountain ranges and basins. Many of the mountains reach more than 1800m, rich in fauna and flora. One can reach many waterfalls along the southern margin of these mountains. It is believed that most of these mountains are upliftments in relatively recent geological times. Majority of the peaks reach between 2000 – 2524m and marked by Sri Pada [Adam's Peak], Kirigalpoththa, Piduruthalagala and Namunukula, which are interspersed with the plateau Maha-Eliya [Horton Plains], Ambewela and Nuwara-Eliya.

Governed by the central highlands, the rivers and streams winds their way down to the plains below.


Being close to the equator, Sri Lanka has a relatively constant day length, and the rainfall is governed by monsoonal winds. One finds the isle vastly diverse in four climatic zones i.e. Wet zone, dry zone, intermediate zone and arid zone. Being a small country, travelers find all types of climates with the reach of few hours and are amazed. Sri Lanka mainly has two seasons, Wet Season and Dry season. The rainfall varies from 1250mm in arid zone to 2080mm in wet zone, and the relative humidity varies from 70/% to 90%.

Enriched by geography and climate of this small isle, the wildlife is plenteous and diverse. Sunshine makes its people smiling all day long.


Get ready to smile all day long. People of Sri Lanka are friendly, helpful and hospitable, especially in villages and remote areas. If you are hungry, they are ready to offer their next meal to you. When you eat with them, they try to feed you to the brim! It is their custom to ask many times to serve you. Don't feel offended... it's their friendship and honesty.


You can plan what you would like to do when you're in Sri Lanka. Following are a list of activities you would like to plan during your holiday:

Nature Trails

There are many Nature Trails designed by various people and companies all over Sri Lanka. These nature trails are located in villages, forest & wooded areas, in nature reserves, protected areas, sancturies and in some of the national parks. They can be categorized according to the terrain and length of the trail. Some trails on flat land are very easy to tread and some are not so easy because they run through mountains and valleys. But whatever the terrain, most of these trails take you through beautiful landscapes and crosses many flora and fauna.

There are very specialized trails designed by WildWorldWatch that are unique. There are some trails starting in a remote area, going through natural forests and ends closer to a village. Some trails in Knuckles Range are long, but extremely fruitful in spotting birds, butterflies and reptiles. For more information on Nature Trails and if you need full trail details, drop us an Email or send a message to us in Contact Us page.


For amateurs and professionals alike, birding gives so much pleasure. Because of Sri Lanka's geography, bird enthusiastes can access many climate types within a very short time i.e. 2-3 hours. Therefore, Sri Lanka gives more opportunity to spot more birds in a limited time. Out of some 433 bird species, at least 300 are easy to spot and many of our clients have commented that birding is really interesting in Sri Lanka.

As most of the areas in Sri Lanka are rich with bird life, one doesn't need to specifically go to a location to watch birds unless he or she has some special interest on selected species. There are 36 bird species that are endemic to Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka Jungle Fowl, Blue Magpie, Brown Capped Babbler, Yellow Fronted Barbet, Sri Lanka Spur Fowl, Sri Lanka Wood Pigeon, Sri Lanka Hanging Parrot and Serendib Scops Owl are a few of them. For more information on birds of Sri Lanka visit our Birds Page.

Contact us today to organize you a wonderful birding tour with one of our professional Naturalists.

Luxury and Standard Camping

Camping has recently become "Camping in Style" in Sri Lanka. About 15 years back, there was only back-packing and rough-out camping in wilderness but later, with some creative people, camping was turned to a comfortable, luxurious event in eco-tourism. With dome tents,raised beds, running water and flushable toilets that are movable from one location to another is now called standard camping. Canvas tent that is lmost a small apartment with attached washroom, toilet, running hot or cold water, raised beds with proper linen and mosquito net, 7 course menus and a restaurant captain at the camp is now called luxury camping. You can organize any of the options above with WildWorldWatch at any location in Sri Lanka you would like to set up your camp. You can request for an experienced naturalist if you need the wildlife to be explained during your stay.

Jeep Safaris in National Parks

Jeep Safaris in National Parks in Sri Lanka are very famous. Safaris in Yala National Park in a luxury safari vehicle has become a very easy way to spot the Sri Lankan Leopard [Panthera pardus kotiya]. Yala is the best place to see the leopard as it has the largest concentration of leopards in the wild. Apart from this, the sloth bear, mugger and the esturine crocodiles, axis deer, sambar deer, wild buffalo, Sri Lankan elephant and many species of birds and others can be seen during safaris.


There are thousandds of caves spread around Sri Lanka, which most of them have historical and geological values. Some of the large caves are occupied with ancient temples and monateries, but many of them are still intact and anyone who is interested can visit them with some persmission from the authorities to study or see them. WildWorldWatch can organize such visits and provide facilities and knowledge too. Please send us your inquiry through Contact Us page.

Water based activities

Sri Lanak is blessed with many waterbodies. Rivers, streams, natural lakes, man-made lakes ("Wewa"), reservoirs and the ocean round the island.

Waler based activities and sports are a fins way to spend a holiday. Canoeing or Kayaking in freshwater lakes or reservoirs has become very famous. Man-made lakes or Wewas [sometimes these are called tanks, but the term is not correct as these reservoirs are not at all tank-like!] are good for canoeing or using a sit-on-tops to spend an evening. Sometimes you can hire a Catamarang boat and do a little fishing in a lake.

Snorkeling in freswater streams and clear water rivers gives much pleasure and the ocean is always ready for you to explore. There are many places for you to snorkel or scuba dive or watch corels on a glazed bottom boat.

Whale watching

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Turtle watching

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Fishin in freshwater lakes

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Mountain climbing

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Geo Site visiting & Expedition

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Study of ancient technology

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Meditation and relaxation

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Yoga and aroma therapy sessions

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Countryside walking

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Walk Tours [Unique To WildWorldWatch]

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Swimming and Snorkeling

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Nature and Culture study tours

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Agro tours

Sri Lanka is truly an agricultural country. It survives its hardest times due to its fertile land and the courage of its farmers. According to a recent research carried out in the Maha Eliya [Horton Plains],